Each academic discipline has its own rules for citing ideas and words borrowed from other writers and researchers.
Courses in the humanities generally use the Modern Language Association (MLA) style rules.
The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers contains comprehensive rules and examples for citing.
1. In-Text Citations: Use an in-text citation to acknowledge that you are quoting or paraphrasing another author's words or ideas in the text of your research paper. Your reader will use the information provided in the signal phrase and in-text citation to find additional information about the source in your Works Cited page.
Here are some examples:
Direct Quote with author included in the signal phrase:
2. Works Cited: Include a Works Cited page at the end of your research paper. It should contain a full citation for each source referenced within your paper. The full citation should include the specific publication information required by the MLA rules. This allows your reader to find the sources, if desired.
3. Formatting: The MLA Handbook dictates the rules for formatting your in-text citations, Works Cited page, and your final research paper. For more information on MLA style formatting, check out some of the links in the "MLA Resources" box on this page.
Quick tip! When creating a new Microsoft Word document, search for "MLA" to see MLA-style research paper templates.