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What Is APA Style?
- Each academic discipline has its own rules for citing ideas and words borrowed from other writers and researchers.
- The Social Sciences use the American Psychological Association style rules.
- The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association contains comprehensive rules and examples for citing.
Use the library's copy!
Library's Reference Collection
LB2369 .P83 2020
Citing Your Sources
- First and foremost, we need to give credit to other authors when we borrow their words or ideas. Acknowledge!
- Citing also allows your readers to find the resources cited in your papers. Share!
- Finally, we avoid plagiarism and maintain good standing with our instructors. Succeed!
1. In-Text Citations
- Use an in-text citation to acknowledge that you are quoting or praphrasing another author's words or ideas in the text of your research paper.
Here's an example:
Critser (2003) noted that despite growing numbers of overweight Americans, many health care providers still “remain either in ignorance or outright denial about the health danger to the poor and the young” (p. 5).
If the author is not named in the signal phrase, place the author’s name, the year, and the page number in parentheses after the quotation: (Critser, 2003, p. 5).
- Your reader will use the author information provided in the in-text citation to find the full citation for the source in your references list.
2. Reference List
- Include a reference list at the end of your paper. The list shoud contain a full citation for each in-text citation referenced within your paper.
- Each full citation should include the specific publication information required by the APA rules. This allows your reader to find the sources, if desired.
- Arrange the citations alphabetically by the author's last name. Use the title if the source has no author.
- Find more detailed rules for creating APA references at Excelsior OWL's APA References guide.
ZoteroBib is a free service that helps you quickly create a bibliography in any citation style.
Purdue OWL APA Style Guide
Extensive online guide detailing APA style rules and formatting from Purdue University's Online Writing Lab.
Excelsior OWL APA Style Guide
Extensive online guide detailing APA rules and formatting from Excelsior College's Online Writing Lab.
Microsoft Word Templates
Quick tip! When creating a new Microsoft Word document, search for "APA" to see an APA-style research paper template.